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Iran officially uses the name "Islamic Republic" in all governance names referring to the country, e. Also, Iran, unlike the others, uses it as part of official acronyms, i.

Two months after the Islamic Revolution in , the new government held the Iranian Islamic Republic referendum on 10 and 11 Farvardin 30 and 31 March to change the Pahlavi dynasty into an Islamic Republic. On 12 Farvardin, it was announced that Before the Islamic Republic referendum, some political groups suggested various names for the ideology of the Iranian revolution, such as the Republic without Islam or the democratic republic. But Ruhollah Khomeini , the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran, asked people to vote for the name "Islamic Republic", not a word more and not a word less.

According to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran , the Islamic Republic is a system based on beliefs in: [5].


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According to a commentary on Constitution, just as the establishment of Islamic Republic system is based on the beliefs of people namely governing of right, justice and Quran. However, its continuation lasted with the same principles and there is an important role for the beliefs of Iranian people.

Also, those beliefs are of complete and determinate roles in all affairs. Those beliefs considered as guidelines for governors and statesmen. There is an important role for beliefs such as the principle of unity of God and believing in it. Therefore, legislation is limited to god and laws so far as correspond to divine legislation are valid. Belief in divine revelation and prophecy also are essential to Islamic worldview.

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We have two kinds of justice. Creative justice is based on the Justice and equality. Legislative justice is respected to Making divine law in Islamic society. Besides, the basis of Shia school is in terms of Imamate or leadership. According to the principle of Imamate in Shia, it is indispensable to obey of the prophet of God and of those possessed of authority. Shia Ulama believes that the conception of the term "those possessed of authority" denoted on Innocent Shia Imams.

Certainly, when Imam is absent, Valy faghih is in charge of leadership of society. In other words, religious leaders undertake the responsibility of Imamate. There is more emphasizing on the dignity Karamat and the high value of humans which is along with freedom and responsibility. The principle of Dignity is a necessary condition of the Islamic republic in terms of existence.

There is many meaning for dignity. Sometimes it refers to generosity, nobleness and honor. However Islam considers with two sorts of dignity for human beings: essential or innate dignity and acquired dignity. According to innate dignity, Human being possessed of the right of living among other creatures.

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The principle also mentioned by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in On the basis of Acquired dignity, human is able to pass the degrees of perfection with the aid of actuality of his potentialities and talents. He believes that Iranian people want an Islamic state which is a republic. Responding to Journalist's question on the ambiguity of the term Islamic republic, Khomeini believes that republic has the same sense as other uses.

Islamic republic has considered both with Islamic ideology and choice of people. Iraq , a country neighbouring Iran, is a federal Islamic Republic according to the constitution , consists of a republican, representative, parliamentary, and democratic system of government. Some Shiite leaders had proposed changing the country's official name to the Islamic Republic of Iraq , a move opposed by Iraq's secularists.

Encyclopædia Iranica

Afghanistan is an Islamic republic consisting of three branches, the executive, legislative and judicial. Abdullah Abdullah serves as the chief executive officer CEO.


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  • The National Assembly is the legislature, a bicameral body having two chambers, the House of the People and the House of Elders. Pakistan was the first country to adopt the adjective "Islamic" to modify its republican status under its otherwise secular constitution in Despite this definition, the country did not have a state religion until , when a new constitution, more democratic and less secular, was adopted.

    Pakistan only uses the "Islamic" name on its passports, visas, and coins.

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    Although "Islamic Republic" is specifically mentioned in the Constitution of , all government documents are prepared under the name of the Government of Pakistan. The Constitution of Pakistan , part IX, article says "All existing laws shall be brought in conformity with the Injunctions of Islam as laid down in the Quran and Sunnah,in this Part referred to as the Injunctions of Islam, and no law shall be enacted which is repugnant to such Injunctions".

    Jammeh said that the move was designed to distance the West African state from its colonial past and that no dress code would be imposed and citizens of other faiths would be allowed to practice freely. The announcement of an Islamic republic has been criticized as unconstitutional by at least one opposition group. The Chechen Republic of Ichkeria used an Islamic republic government system from to [20]. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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    For other uses of "Islamic republic", see Islamic republic disambiguation. Theocratic republic based on Islamic law. This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. September Learn how and when to remove this template message.

    Key texts. Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam Iqbal s. Principles of State and Government Asad Ma'alim fi al-Tariq "Milestones" Qutb Heads of state. Key ideologues.

    see Criticism of Islamism. A more detailed account of the no-confidence vote and its aftermath is followed, in turn, by a discussion of the parliamentary no-confidence vote in Afghanistan and a select number of other Muslim countries. Constitutionalism, democracy and Islam are presented in response to a cogent question as to whether they present a picture of harmony or discord in the constitution.

    The last section presents a round-up of commentator opinion and assessment of the constitution, to be followed by a conclusion that also espouses a number of policy recommendations. ReliefWeb has been the leading online source for reliable and timely humanitarian information on global crises and disasters since Learn more about ReliefWeb. Many of you more than , subscribers at the last count! Published on 26 Aug — View Original. Download PDF Related content Afghanistan.

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